Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.

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Most unfortunately, under the cover of this pretext, the second civil war of Islam was fought by the Umayyads, the Hashimites, and Zubayrites.

There was no idea of absolute caliphate. The Imam cannot withdraw the nomination until there occurs in this heir apparent some important change which invalidates him legally.

Garnet Publishing,xv.

Quran stresses an ideal society where there is dominance of good over evils and where there is general obedience of the laws of Allah. Al-Mawardi was a well known judge of Baghdad. About Al-mawardiAl-Mawardi. Wisdom The candidates of Imamate should also fulfill certain conditions: Here, a note of explanation seems to be necessary. His theory of election dealing only with the appointment of the Caliph is wholly undemocratic.

Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums

The second civil war of Muslims was fought by the Umayyads, the Hashimites, and the Zubairites under the same pre-text. The refutation of this dogma was essential to establish the above doctrine.


Al-Mawardi says various factor made this institution controversial. The act of rebellion in such an eventuality was not regarded as a crime but as a mawarri of the fundamental rights of people.

Imam is the highest leader fully obeyed and supported by the people of his state. People thougbt been empowered to elect the best one among them as caliph.

Political science: Al-Mawardi

Tags al-mawardimuslim political thought Thhought Tools. Finance is to deal with dhimis. This practice of appointing two or more heirs apparent proved to be the greatest political evil in Muslim polity. This explains why he devotes only one-tenth of his book to the exposition of the theory of the Caliphate and uses the rest of his work to elaborate the detailed apparatus of government which hinges on the central authority of the Caliph.

But he devised a via media to remove this glaring contradiction. But al-Mawardi insists in his view to rule out the Fatimids and the Umayyads of Spain. Sunday, February 20, There was no political bar in their way, no Caliphal decree to prevent the exercise of their right of franchise. He is to administer state affairs with full powers.

And because the jurists failed to get sufficient material in the Quran to construct a politicwl political theory, they spent greater pains in exploring the Sunnah and the archives of early Islamic History to realize their purpose.


Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-

The Imam may not consult mawardj in affairs of state. His main contribution to Muslim political thought lies in the transformation of these ideas into a system, directly related to historical practice. The Army Board 2. His greatness lies in the fact that he received political opinions and traditions of the past and transformed them into a logical system. Saturday, July 02, These questions are responsible for the sects in Islam.

Edinburgh Research Archive

It is the duty of the judge to protect such properties. Imam must be male Muslims. Al-Mawardi quotes the following tradition from Abu Hurairah: The dispensation of justice and disposal of all litigations in accordance with the Shari-ah.

It is quite obvious that Abu Bakr did not deprive the people of their democratic right to elect the head of the State freely. The maintenance of law and order in the country, to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, and proceed to their economic activities freely and travel in the land without fear. This office is of much importance. Sometimes al-Mawardi uses the documents of the Umayyad and the Abbasid periods his premises, for instance, he quotes the accession address of Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz to demonstrate the exalted ideals of the office of the Caliph.