En el Teocalli de Cholula. Front Cover. José María Heredia · 0 Reviewshttps:// ?id. Equally famous, although more contemplative and less celebratory of the Indian past, is Jose Maria Heredia’s poem “En el teocalli de Cholula.” Heredia. Cuban writer José María Heredia’s prose poem “En el Teocalli de Cholula.” I argue that. María Heredia engages with the sublime by presenting a simultaneous.

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Heredia studied at the University of Havanaand received a law degree in In the autumn of he was arrested on a charge of conspiracy against the Spanish government for participating in pro-independence activities against the Spanish authorities, and was sentenced to banishment for tecoalli. For a few months he was one of the editors of the literary magazine El Iris. One of his most celebrated poems was called cholulz El Teocalli de Cholula,” which explores the universality of nature and immense beauty of indigenous ruins.

In common with a number of Spanish and Latin American Romantics, his intellectual formation was in Neoclassicism, and indeed his poetry is notable for its perfection of form as well as often the sincerity and depth of his feelings.

In a collection of his poems was issued at Tolucaand in he obtained permission to visit Cuba for two months. Disappointed in his political ambitions, and broken in health, Heredia returned to Mexico in Januaryand died at Toluca on 27 May His father was appointed Magistrate at the Court of Caracas, and the family moved to Venezuela because of his job.

He returned to Cuba from Venezuela in and then registered at the University of Havana at the young age of He did not stay at the University of Havana long; he continued his career the following year in Mexico. This caused Heredia to return to Cuba the following year from Mexico. Heredia’s time in the United States lasted from December 4, until August 22,all of which he lived in exile. The reason his time living in the United States was cut short was because he was extended an offer from Guadalupe Victoria, the current president of Mexico at the time, for a permanent residency in Mexico.


As a “youth of twenty with an abhorrence for English,” he traveled between cities: Among the Cubans Heredia encountered, they were “restless to leave the United States for any Spanish-speaking territory not under Spanish Rule.

En el Teocalli de Cholula by Karina Quitián on Prezi

His love for liberty grew as he discovered in his travels here the rewarding activity of free men; as he learned to read in English and imitate the prose of his American literary counterparts. Also, the nature found throughout North America, especially Niagara Falls, played a huge role in his most influential and famous works. His time spent in exile in America aided in forming a community of readers that also experienced the same thing.

Many of his poems, for he was a prominent poet, reflect a mixture of tropical sensuality and dreamy melancholywhich are often inspired by his homesickness.

José María Heredia y Heredia

The force and beauty of nature and the focus on individuality emerges strongly in his poems. Latin American Romanticism contains many qualities, all of which can be ee in Heredia’s most popular poems. His Chollula is that of the search and longing for freedom, both political and literary. To this extent, his poetry comes directly from his life. His poetry lasts both because of the subject matter and for the intensely personal feeling in the works.

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Nature is clearly depicted in the fashion of the Romantic Era and mirrors his spiritual and emotional states. Nature acts as his freedom.


In these poems, the poet praises the natural beauty of both Americas. The most prominent Romantic feature in Heredia is the ever-present involvement of his life in his poetry as well as the dark notes of death, melancholy and gloominess that pervade his writings.

Heredia’s fascination with the Aztec Ruins is immensely contingent with the thematics of Romanticism. Representative of the ghostly past, it calls forth a feeling of death and mystery of the Romantic Era. Written after the death of his father in Mexico, a lyrical voice experiences the melancholy of watching the sunset over the fields of the valley of Anahuac, and after, reflecting on the disappearance of the pyramid builders and how the times have changed.

Niagara Falls was easily made accessible to the public thanks to the completion of the Erie Canal in Its existence attracted national and foreign romantics to witness in awe this spectacle of the forces of nature.

Heredia stood in great wonder and “projected his anguished sentiments into its powerful flow and fall and swirl. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Cambridge History of Latin America. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. The Norton Anthology of Latino Literature. Fe Beatriz Loyo, ed.

Retrieved 17 June Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource.

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