Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data · Sivasamhita. English & Sanskrit. The Shiva samhita: a critical edition and an English translation / James. The Shiva Purana is one of eighteen Purana genre of Sanskrit texts in Hinduism, and part of the . Shatarudra Samhita – 3,; Sahasrakotirudra Samhita – 11,; Kotirudra Samhita – 9,; Vayaviya Samhita – 4,; Dharma Samhita – 12, The Jnanasamhita in one manuscript shares content with Rudrasamhita of. Sometimes 7 Maha-Samhitas with different names are enumerated as well: Vidyeshvar Samhita, Rudra Samhita, Shatrudra Samhita, Koti Rudra Samhita, Uma.

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Kotirudra Samhita of Siva Purana. Chapter 1 — Whatever is seen is Siva’s form. The entire universe is in the form of a Linga. In order to bless the worlds, Siva assumes different Linga forms in various holy centers.


There are twelve Jyotirlingas which destroy miseries, achieve desires, rudga cause liberation hereafter. Chapter 2 — Benares Kasi is Siva’s abode full of Lingas. Chapter 3 — Atri and Anasuya do tapas during a great drought. Atri does tapas in Samadhi, while Anasuya does service for her husband and worships the Linga. Chapter 4 — The river Ganga assumes the form of a divine woman before Anasuya. Ganga gives water for Anasuya to bring to her husband even though no rain had fallen during the drought.

Anasuya shows Atri Ganga of divine form stationed within the pit. The chaste Anasuya passed on a year’s merit to Ganga so that she would remain in the pit of the penance grove. Siva stays also in their penance grove as Atrisvara. Then rain came and food grew in plenty. There kohi a perennial supply of water in that pit.

Chapter 5 — A widowed Brahmin mother of two sons dies without going to Kasi. But she asks her elder son to cast off her bones into the Kotl. Chapter 6 — Results are bound by previous actions, hence joy or sorrow is experienced accordingly. A Brahmin hits a asmhita.

A wise calf speaks to his mother-cow bound by maya. The cow kills the Brahmin’s son. The cow turns black, but regains its white color by dipping into the Narmada River near the Nandikesa shrine. The Goddess Ganga tells the Brahmin traveler Surada to cast off his mother’s bones here for her to attain Siva’s heaven. He later sees his mother endowed with a divine form. Siva remained there as the Nandikesa Linga. Chapter 8 — Siva’s Mahabala Linga is located at Gokarna.

Siva is always spiritually present there. That Siva Linga, secured by the raksasa Ravana as a result of severe penance, was installed by Gananayaka at Gokarna.

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Chapter 9 — Saumini, an outcaste woman was a Brahmin girl in her previous birth. But her Brahmin husband died early. She then married a Sudra and took wine and meat. She killed and ate a calf. Yama went through her antecedents, and taking into consideration her merits and demerits he sent her back from hell, to be born as a dark blind candala girl. By accident she threw Bilva leaves on a Linga and fasted on Siva caturdasi night.

Then Siva’s ganas put her in an aerial chariot and brought her to Siva loka since unwittingly she cried out Siva’s name at Gokarna where the Mahabala Linga destroys all sins. Chapter 10 — King Mitrasaha kills the demon Kamatha. But the demon’s brother becomes his cook and prepares human flesh. Vasistha curses the king Mitrasaha to become a demon for twelve years. The king, as a demon eats a Brahmin sage whose wife before entering the fire curses him to die if he ever engages in sex.

His wife Madayanti knew of the curse and refuses sex with Mitrasaha whose twelve year demon curse expires.

Brahmahatya follows the king. The sage Gautama tells the king to worship the Mahabala Linga at Gokarna to destroy his sins. Chapter 12 — Siva sajhita the sages’ devotion in the Daruvana forest by assuming a hideous naked ash smeared ascetic form. The sages curse Siva that his penis will fall on the grounds. The penis burnt everything it samnita, terrifying the gods and sages. Brahma tells the gods to propitiate Parvati so that she ktoi assume the form of a vaginal passage so that Siva’s penis will become steady.

Parvati, in the form of a vaginal passage and an arrow, form the pedestal wherein Siva’s penis is installed and stabilized.

Dadhici’s son, Sudarsana has sex with his wife on Sivaratri, and Siva curses him to be sluggish and insensible. Goddess Candika adopts Sudarsana as her son after Dadhici and his son Sudarsana worship her. Siva and Parvati establish Sudarsana as their Vatuka. The Vatukas are excellent ritualists. Chapter 14 — Daksha gives his twenty seven daughters to the moon in marriage.

The moon loves only Rohini. Daksha curses the moon with consumption. The moon once abducted Tara, the wife of Brhaspati. The moon worships Siva with the Rudrw mantra. Siva says the moon’s digit will decline day by day in one fortnight and increase steadily in another.

i. Kotirudra Samhita of Siva Purana – Hindu Scriptures

Siva stayed where the moon worshipped him as Somesvara. Consumption is cured by bathing in the pond there. Chapter 15 — Skanda leaves Kailasa after Ganesa’s marriage. Siva and Parvati visited Skanda on the Kraunca hill. From that day onward the Linga image of Siva born of Mallikarjuna became famous. Chapter 16 — The asura Dusana attacks the Brahmins at Avanti. The xamhita sons of Vedapriya rely on Siva’s aid. Siva manifests from the idol as Mahakala and reduces Dusana to samhifa.


Kotirudr Samhita

Chapter 17 — The gana-chief Manibhadra gives King Candrasena the Cintamani jewel which turned metal into gold. All the greedy kings attack Candrasena. A widowed cowherdess’ son sees his home as a golden Siva temple by his devotion.

Candrasena visits her Siva devotee son.

The enemy kings make peace and visit the cowherd boy. Hanuman praises the cowherd boy Siva devotee and predicts Krishna will incarnate in his race. Chapter 18 — Vindya Mountain worships Siva. Siva remains there as the Omkara Linga. Chapter 19 — Nara and Narayana do tapas at Badarikasrama. Siva stayed in Kedara in the form of a jyotirlinga named Kedaresvara.

Chapter 20 — Bhimasura, the son of Kumbhakarna does tapas to get revenge on Vishnu. Bhimasura conquers the gods. Siva tells the gods that he will kill Bhimasura. Chapter 21 — Siva manifests from the idol that the Kamarupa king worships just as Bhimasura’s sword touches it.

Siva kills Bhimasura by saying Hum. Siva’s Bhimesvara Linga remains there. Chapter 22 — The Avimuktesvara Linga in Benares yields salvation to people. Chapter 23 — Benares is Siva’s mysterious shrine and the cause of salvation. Death in Benares brings salvation.

One reaps the fruits of one’s actions. Only Kasi wipes out the fruits of one’s actions. Death at Kasi frees one from rebirth. Chapter 24 — Gautama does penance during a drought and asks Varuna for rain. Varuna fills with water the ditch Gautama requests. The water supply in the ditch becomes perennial. Chapter 25 — The wives of the sages prevent Gautama’s disciples from taking water there. The sages’ wives distort the incident to them.

Ganesa does not want to put obstacles in Gautama’s way. Ganesa, instigated by the sages, however becomes a cow that dies when Gautama touches it with blades of grass.

The Brahmins reproached Gautama for killing the cow. The sages tell Gautama to go around the earth three times to expiate the sin of killing a cow. Gautama goes around the Brahmagiri Mountain. Chapter 26 — Siva denounces the Brahmin enemies of Gautama. The Brahmins ask for forgiveness of Gautama, but in a different kalpa age Gautama curses the Brahmins to stray from Siva and the Vedic path.